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Telugu Basha History

Samskruthambuloni chakkera pakambu
Arava bhashaloni amrutharasi
Kannadambuloni kasturi vasana
Kalisipoye teta telugu nandu

                Ani miriyala ramakrishnagaru annattu samskruthamloni tiyyadanamuu, tamilamloni amruthathavamuu, kannadamloni sumadura parimalamuu, kalagalisina kammanaina bhasha mana telugu. Bhaaratha desamloni ati prachiina bhashallo telugu kudaa okati. Bhaaratha prabuthvam teluguto patu samskrutham, tamilam, kannada bhashalaku 2008 lo “prachiina bhasha” hoda ichhi gouravinchindi.
Andhrapradesh taruvata teluguvallu ekkuvaga yaanam (puduchheri), tamilanadu, karnataka, maharashtra, odisha, chattisghad rashtralalonuu kanipistaru. Telugu matrubhashaga kaligi unnavaru prapancha vyapthamga unnaru. Telugu vallu prapanchamlooni e deesaniki vellina kanipistaranadamlo atisayokthi kadu. 2011 janabha lekkala prakaram enimidinnara kotla janabhato telugu bharatadesamlo atyadikamga matlade bhashallo (hindi, bengalila taruvata) mudi sthanamlonuu, prapancha vyapthamga padiheno sthanamlonuu nilichindi.
Telugu bhasha charithra
Telugu dravida bhasha.  Dravida bhashaa vargamlo teluguto patu tamilam, kannadam, malayalam, gondi modalaina 85 bhashalundaga, athyadhikamga matladutunna dravida bhasha mana teluge. Telugu  bhasha samskrutham nundi puttindani, teluguku matruka samskruthamenani jana bahulyamlo balamaina apoha unnadi. Kani samskrutham, hindi, bengali modalaina uttara  bharatadesa bhashalu “ Indo-Aryan “ bhasha varganiki chendinavi kaga, dakshina bharathadesa bhashalu dravida bhashalani bhasha sasthravettala abhiprayam. Teluguto patu prastutam unikilo unna dravida bhashalanni oke muula dravida matruka nundi kramamga vidivadi veruveruga sthirapaddayani parisodhakula anchana.
Telugu ane padam ela erpadindane vishayampai manaku vibhinna vadanalu vinipistayi prasidda saiva kshetralaina karimnagar jillaloni kaleswaram, karnool jillaloni srisailam, paschima godavari jillaloni bhimavaram kshetrala madhyanunna prantanni “Trilinga” pranthamani pilichevarani, trilinga padam nunche telinga, telungu, telugu ane padalu kramamga vachhayani oka vadana undi. Kabatti telugu varu krishna, godavari nadula madhyanunna pranthamlo nivasinche varani cheppavachhu.
Tamilam, gondi bhashallo telu, teli ante telupu leda chakkadanam, “anga” anedi bahuvachana suchakam. Aavidamga chakkanivaru ane ardamlo telinga, telunga ane padalu udbhavinchaayani maro vadana. Tamilanadu, keralalonuu ippatiki telugunu “Telumgu” ane pilavadam manam gamaninchavachhu.
Bhasha sasthravettala anchanaa meraku telugu bhasha kaniisam 2,400 samvathsarala purvam muula dravida bhasha nunchi verupadi prathyeka bhashagaa sthirapadindi. Kristu purvam modati sakamlo saathavahana rajula palanalo rachinchina “Gadhasapthasati” unna mahararashtri prakrutha padya samkalanamlo telugu padalu mottamodata kanipinchayi. Telugu padalu likhita rupamlo dorikina anavallalo ide prachinamainadi. Teluguloni spashtamaina mottamodati silasasanam kristu sakam edava sathabdaniki chendinadi. Telugu bhasha charitra kristu sakam 11 va sathabdam nundi grandastham cheyyabadindi.
Telugu lipi
Telugu lipi prachina braahmi lipi nundi udbhavinchindi.  Ashokuni mourya samrajyaaniki samantha rajuluga unna sathavahanulu braahmi lipini dakshina bharatadesaniki tisukuvachharu. Dakshina bharata bhashalanni muula dravida bhasha nundi udbhavinchinaa vati lipulu matram brahmi nunde puttayi. Mouryula brahmi lipini polina aksharalanu gunturu jillaloni battiprolu bauddasthupamloni sasanallo labhinchayi. I battiprolu lipi nunde dakshina bharatadesa lipulanni parinamam chendayi. Charitrakamga andhra sathavahanulu, chalukyulu, rashatrakutulu telugu, kannada desalanu kalisi palinchadam valla telugu, kannada bhashala lipi ummadiga parinamam chendindi. Kristu sakam 5va sathabdam natiki i battiprolu lipi nunchi pata telugu lipi avirbhavinchindani parisodakula anchana.
Prachina telugu lipilo kha, gha, cha, jha, tha modalaina mahaprana aksharalu levani, i sabdalu Indo – Aryan bhashala prajalu matram viriviga vadevarani, dravida bhashala prajalu I sabdalanu sadharana vyavahara bhashalo asalu vadevaru kadani bhasha sasthravettala abhiprayam. Ippatiki mana pallello i mahaprana aksharalanu chalamandi rojuuvari palukubadi bhashalo vadakapovadam manam gamaninchavachhu. Nannaya kalamlo samskrutha sahithyam viriviga teluguloki anuvadam ayinapudu i samskrutha mahaprana sabdalanu telugulo vrayadam kosam prathyekamga telugu lipilo aksharalanu rupondincharu.
Telugu aksharalu (37)
a aa i ii u uu e ea  ei o oa ou am
ka ga cha Ta Da nha ta da na pa pha ba ma ya ra la va Sa sha sa ha lha ra
Samskrutha sabdalanu telugulo rayadam kosam rupondinchina aksharalu (19)
ru ruu am (visarga)
kha gha jna cha jha Inya Tha Dha tha dha bha ksha ruthvam, ruthvam dirgam
mottam kalipi manam prastutam vadutunnavi 37 +19=56

 

Teluguloni maandalikaalu
Mandalam ante prantham, oka pranthamlo ekkuva mandi matlade bhashani mandalika bhasha ani antaru. Mandalika bhashalanni pradana bhashaloni vivida vyavahaarikaalu matrame. Anni  maandalikaaluu kalipitene pradana bhasha avutundi. Prathi bhashaki mandalika bhedalunnattuganee telugukii unnayi.
Bougolika paristhitulanu batti, palakulu bhashanu batti, kula mathalanu batti, vruttini batti, maandalikaalu erpadathayi. Udaharanaki telangana telugupai modata tamila, kannada bhashala prabhavamuu, aa taruvatha urdu pravhavamuu padatam valla prathyekata santharinchukundi. Bougolika, chaaritraka karanala rithyaa rayalasima telugupai tamila, kannada bhashala prabhavam ippatiki chala ekkuvaga undatam valla ado binnamaina prathyekathanu santharinchukunnadi. Kostha andhra telugupai samskrutham, englishu prabhavam ekkuvaga undatam valla ado prathyekathanu santharinchukundi.
Jillalanu batti kudaa veru veru maandalikaalu unnappatikii telugulo pradanamaina maandalika bhashalu nalugunnayi.

  1. Rayalasima bhasha – chitturu, ananthapuram, karnool, kadapa, nellore jillala bhasha
  2. Telangana bhasha – telangana padi jillala pranthapu bhasha
  3. Thirandhra/kostha andhra bhasha – krishna, guntur, godavari jillala bhasha
  4. Kalingandhra/uttarandhra bhasha – vishakapatnam, vijayanagaram, srikakulam jillala bhasha

Telugu sahithyam
Nannaya padakondo sathabdamlo rachinchina mahabharatam telugulo adi kavyamani, nannaya adikavi ani cheppabaduchunnadi. Anthaku mundu sahithyam asale lekunda unnattundi inta adbhuthamayina paripakvamaina kavyam rachinchadam asadyam kabatti, nannayaku munde marinta telugu sahithyam undavachhani sahithyakarula abhiprayam.
16 va sathabdamlo vijayanagara srikrishnadevarayala palanalo telugu vaibhavamga o velugu veligindi. Ento sahithyam samskrutham nundi telugu, kannada bhashalloki anuvadam ayyindi. Ii kalamlo vividha sahithya prakriyallo velluvalaa srustinchabadina ento sahithyam sahithyabhimanula, vidyavanthula abhimananni chuuragonagaliginappatikii, samskrutha bhasha prabhavam karanamga chala matuku grandhika bhashalo undatam valla prajabahulyamlo ekkuvaga pracharam pondalekapoyayi. Palle prajalaku, niraksharasyulaku kudaa sulabhamga ardham ayye vidhamga vaduka bhashalo saralamaina ritilo veluvadda vemana padyalu, brahmamgari sahithyamuu, annamayya, kancharla gopanna rasina kirthanalu ippatiki prajala adarana churagontunnayi.
Adhunika yugamlo gurajada apparao vaduka bhasha udyamanetha gidugu rammurthi, srisri, chalam, nanduri rammohanarao inka endaro mahanubhavulu vividha sahiti prakriyala dvara telugu sahithyanni susampannam chesaru.

              

     
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